Type of Document Dissertation Author van der Lei, Harm URN etd-03032010-095012 Title Applied Golf Research: Affective States during Golf Performance Degree Doctor of Philosophy Department Educational Psychology and Learning Systems, Department of Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Gershon Tenenbaum Committee Chair Jeannine Turner Committee Member Robert Eklund Committee Member Lynn Panton University Representative Keywords
- Hourglass Performance Model
Date of Defense 2010-01-22 Availability unrestricted AbstractMany studies utilized psychophysiological indices to measure attentional and affective states for the examination of affect-performance relationships in stressful competitive conditions. In this applied, but scientifically driven, project we determined individual affect-related performance zones (IAPZs) by utilizing Kamata, Tenenbaum, and Haninís (2002) probabilistic model as a basis for examining idiosyncratic affective patterns during golf performance. The investigation implemented a multi-modal assessment approach in which the probabilistic relationship between affective states and both, performance process and performance outcome, measures was determined. More specifically, introspective (i.e. verbal reports) and objective (heart rate and respiration rate) measures of arousal were incorporated to examine the relationships between arousal states and both, process components (i.e., routine consistency, timing), and outcome scores related to golf performance.
Three male golfers of a varsity golf team at a major Division I university in the Southeastern United States were observed during three rounds of golf competition. The performance and the associated physiological measures were recorded simultaneously for each golfer with video and telemetry equipment.
The results revealed distinguishable and idiosyncratic IAPZs associated with physiological and introspective measures for each golfer. The associations between the IAPZs and decision-making or swing/stroke execution were strong and unique for each golfer. Optimal IAPZs were often not associated with the most consistent patterns for glances at the target, practice swings or strokes, and time phases during the pre-performance routines. In addition, the patterns during the pre-performance routine were found to be highly consistent, differed between the golfers, and appeared to vary with task difficulty and task specificity.
Comparison of the temporal patterns associated with the projectís four functional time phases indicated more consistent time use by the golfers during the confirmation and evaluation phase immediately preceding and following the task execution (i.e., swing or stroke), respectively, compared to the information processing phase and the reorientation phase preceding and ensuing the task execution (i.e., swing or stroke), respectively. Consequently, an hourglass performance (HP) model for golf was developed to illustrate the relationship between a golferís information processing pattern and the functional performance phases in golf.
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