Type of Document Dissertation Author Montanaro, Edward George URN etd-04062006-115824 Title La Construcción Del Imaginario Económico De José Martí En Las Crónicas De Los Estados Unidos Degree Doctor of Philosophy Department Modern Languages, Department of Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Jose Gomariz Committee Chair Ernest Rehder Committee Member Roberto Fernandez Committee Member Virgilio Suarez Committee Member Keywords
- Pensamiento Económico
- Economic Thought
- 19th Century Economic Thought
- Henry George
- Escenas Norteamericanas
Date of Defense 2006-03-29 Availability unrestricted AbstractReadings of the economic thought of Cuban poet and social theorist José artí have focused on the portion of his journalistic works that looks like economic writing in a conventional sense. I argue that Martí’s economic writings are far more extensive than those that appear to have been written for a "linguistic community" of economists and economic journalists. Much of Martí’s economic thinking is revealed through an extensive system of symbols, images, metaphors and allusions in articles that appear to have little to do with economics. Martí, one of the best known members of a group of Latin American poets who later came to be known as the modernistas, often used tropes developed in his poetic practice in his economic writing for newspapers such as La Nación of Buenos Aires and La Opinión Nacional of Caracas.
I further argue that the full range of Martí’s economic views only becomes evident upon close reading of his journalistic production as if it were poetry. What becomes clear by this method is Martí’s rejection of the version of U.S. capitalism he witnesses in New York City in the 1880’s as an economic system for future Latin American development. This is not merely a condemnation of particular economic practices, such as protectionism or the dominance of monopolies, but rather a systematic rejection of capitalism on economic, social, cultural and even spiritual grounds. Chapters 2, 3, 4 and 5 demonstrate this rejection through examination of a sample of his economically oriented tropes including The Mayflower, Henry George, prizefighting, the biblical Cain and the locomotive.
Martí appears to have developed this highly codified style in part to avoid censorship by his editor at La Nación since that paper had devoted itself to the promotion of U.S. style capitalism as the only appropriate economic model for Argentina’s future development. However, it is reasonable to argue that Martí also had in mind a subconscious appeal to his readers as a strategy for opposing the adoption of the U.S. capitalist economic model.
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