Type of Document Treatise Author Heintzen, Ashley URN etd-04072006-164934 Title Tracing the Development of Early Classical Style: The Bassoon Concerti of Johann Wilhelm Hertel Degree Doctor of Musical Arts Department Music, College of Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Jeff Keesecker Committee Chair Eric Ohlsson Committee Member Frank Kowalsky Committee Member Seth Beckman Committee Member Keywords
- Early Classical
Date of Defense 2006-03-30 Availability unrestricted AbstractThe first half of the eighteenth century was an important time of transition in music history that linked the end of the Baroque period to the Classical era. The music of the early Galant style, which was written during this period, is commonly overlooked or undervalued. In order to gain a more thorough understanding of the stylistic traits and structures that led to the Classical period, a study of this music is important.
Johann Wilhelm Hertelís (1727-1789) bassoon concerti reflect the transition in style between the late Baroque and Classical eras. Hertelís autobiography lists six bassoon concerti, but the three concerti selected for this study are the only surviving works. The Concerto in B-flat is the best example of a galant concerto with simple harmonies, three-part texture, mannered cadences and regular phrases. The Concerto in A minor is similar in many respects to C.P.E. Bachís Concerto for Harpsichord in D minor, Wq. 23, in melodic construction, movements related by key, false returns, and a stormy character. It is possible that it was written in Berlin during Hertelís year of study at the court of Frederick the Great. The Concerto in E-flat is the longest and most complex of the three concerti, and the score includes two horns and two oboes
in the outer movements, and two flutes in the slow movement. The use of winds is significant, and indicates the Concerto in E-flat is probably one of Hertelís later compositions.
Although he composed a great deal of music, very few of Hertelís manuscripts have been published. Currently, there are nine published wind concerti including the three bassoon concerti, three trumpet concerti, an oboe concerto, a concerto for trumpet and oboe, and a concerto for trumpet, two oboes, and two bassoons. As of this writing, the majority of Hertelís works are not published, but the few pieces that have been issued are arguably among his best works.
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