Type of Document Thesis Author Dilmore, Deborah Lynn URN etd-04082004-142544 Title A Comparison Of Confidence Levels Of Postpartum Depressed And Non-Depressed First Time Mothers Degree Master of Science Department Nursing, School of Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Jeanne Flannery Committee Chair Keywords
- Postpaartum Depression
- Maternal Confidence
- First Time Mothers
Date of Defense 2004-03-18 Availability unrestricted AbstractABSTRACT
Ramona T. Mercerís theory of Maternal Role Attainment was the framework that guided this study conducted to compare the maternal confidence levels of the depressed and non-depressed first-time mother 4 months after delivery. A sample of 104 women completed the First-time Mother Questionnaire, the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), and the Maternal Confidence Questionnaire (MCQ). Fifteen (14.4%) of the mothers were considered depressed with a score 12, or higher, on the EPDS. With the exception of age and income, the demographics of the depressed and non-depressed mothers were very similar. Both groups of mothers were also found to have similar personal and family histories for depression, support systems, and perceptions of their support and of their infants.
Correlation coefficients using Spearmanís rho revealed a negative association between age and maternal confidence (r = -.174). Positive correlations were found between maternal confidence and support system size (r = .241), support satisfaction (r = .319), and perception of infant temperament (r = .405). Negative associations were found between postpartum depression and support system size (r = -.112), support satisfaction (r = -.308), and infant temperament (r = -.201).
An independent samples t-test was performed to test the equality mean maternal confidence levels for the populations of depressed and non-depressed first-time mothers. The depressed mother was found to be less confident in her role (t = 2.455, p = .016, df = 102). Pearsonís Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient was used to provide the correlation coefficient for the variable of postpartum depression and maternal confidence(r = -.461; p = .001). Approximately 21% of the information needed to predict depression is being provided by confidence ( r = .461, r2 = .212).
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