Type of Document Dissertation Author Su, Jianhua URN etd-04132004-101822 Title Fabrication and Characterization of Mercurocuprate superconductors on Silver Substrates Degree Doctor of Philosophy Department Mechanical Engineering, Department of Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Jim Zheng Committee Member Justin Schwartz Committee Member Simone Peterson Hruda Committee Member Steven W. Van Sciver Committee Member Keywords
- silver substrate
- pulsed laser deposition
Date of Defense 2004-03-15 Availability unrestricted AbstractThis research studies the fabrication and characterization of doped Hg-1212 and Hg-1223 superconductors grown on silver substrates using dip-coating and pulsed laser deposition (PLD) techniques. The main goal of this thesis is to optimize the synthesis parameters, understand the growth mechanism, and investigate the influences of the silver interface on the microstructure and superconducting properties of doped Hg-1212/Hg-1223 films.
A process methodology is firstly developed to fabricate Pb and Re doped Hg-1223 thick films using the dip-coating method. The phase content, microstructure, irreversibility behavior, and critical current density of the dip-coated films are investigated. The Re-doped films showed the dominant phase of (Hg,Re)-1223, characterized by an onset critical temperature (Tc) of 131 K. The transport critical current (Ic) is measured at 4.2 K, self-field and the corresponding transport critical current density (Jc) is ~ 3000 A/cm2. The limitations to the critical currents are discussed in detail.
The comparison of Pb and Re doping effects on microstructure and irreversibility are studied. The Pb-doped films have much larger colony size, whereas the Re-doping significantly decreases the structural anisotropy gamma, which consequently increases the vortex line stiffness and enhances flux pinning.
(Hg,Re)-1212 thin films are also synthesized on silver substrates using the PLD method. The films exhibit c-axis orientation but without in-plane texture, which mainly results from the polycrystalline structure of silver. Although the average transport Jc (4.2 K, self-field) of the PLD thin films, ~ 30,000 A/cm2, is about one order of magnitude higher than that of the dip-coated thick films, it is about two orders of magnitude lower than its magnetization Jc. The lower Jc value is explained in terms of grain connectivity, film texture, and defects in the films.
The studies of the laser deposited (Hg,Re)-1212 film/silver interface microstructure show that the substrate surface morphology significantly affect the film nucleation and growth. The (Hg,Re)-1212 film growth mechanism is investigated by Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM). A two-stage growth mode is also proposed.
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