Type of Document Thesis Author Dobbins, Sharon Rebecca Author's Email Address firstname.lastname@example.org URN etd-04292005-171746 Title The Effect of Group Music Therapy Interventions and Individual Music Therapy Interventions on Changes in Depressive Symptoms in Elderly Persons with Dementia in Residential Facilities Degree Master of Music Department Music, College of Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Jayne Standley Committee Chair Clifford K.Madsen Committee Member Dianne Gregory Committee Member Keywords
- Music Therapy
Date of Defense 2005-04-29 Availability unrestricted AbstractABSTRACT
The purpose of this study is to determine which form of music therapy sessions, bi-weekly group sessions or weekly individual sessions, is more effective in increasing music participation and decreasing depressive symptoms in elderly persons with dementia in a residential facility environment. The Participants (N=13), were each chosen based on a diagnosis of dementia from two residential facilities in Florida. Participants in group one (N=7) received two 30 minute group music therapy sessions twice a week for three weeks, while participants in group 2 (N=6) received a 20 minute individual music therapy session once a week for three weeks. Each group acted as its own control, so data were taken the week prior to treatment as well.
The instruments used in this study were a simple on task/off task form to observe participation levels. Participation levels were converted into charts and graphs. Results showed that participation levels were consistently higher in the individual sessions than in group sessions. The researcher used the Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia (CSDD) to observe depressive symptoms. The CSDD was administered four times, at the end of the first week to establish baseline and the following three weeks of music therapy intervention. Data for the CSDD were statistically analyzed using a two-way repeated measure, ANOVA. There were significant differences in both groups on the CSDD between no intervention and the music therapy conditions (F=23.091, df=3,ƒÑ=.000). However, there was no significant difference between group vs. individual music therapy sessions (F=1.247, df=3, ƒÑ=.309).
Filename Size Approximate Download Time (Hours:Minutes:Seconds)
28.8 Modem 56K Modem ISDN (64 Kb) ISDN (128 Kb) Higher-speed Access sharondobbinsthesis.pdf 2.33 Mb 00:10:47 00:05:32 00:04:51 00:02:25 00:00:12 tableofcontentssharond.pdf 70.02 Kb 00:00:19 00:00:10 00:00:08 00:00:04 < 00:00:01