Type of Document Dissertation Author Yi, Myunggi Author's Email Address email@example.com URN etd-05052008-160956 Title Dynamics of Biomolecules, Ligand Binding & Biological Functions Degree Doctor of Philosophy Department Physics, Department of Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Huan-Xiang Zhou Committee Chair Bernd A. Berg Committee Member Hugh Nymeyer Committee Member Peng Xiong Committee Member Timothy M. Logan Committee Member Keywords
- Molecular Biophysics
- Computational Biophysics
- Membrane Protein
- Spontaneous Conformational Change
- Molecular Modeling
- Molecular Dynamics Simulation
- Protein Dynamics
- Ligand Binding
- Drug Design
Date of Defense 2008-04-28 Availability unrestricted AbstractProteins are flexible and dynamic. One static structure alone does not often completely explain biological functions of the protein, and some proteins do not even have high resolution structures. In order to provide better understanding to the biological functions of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor, Diphtheria toxin repressor and M2 proton channel, the dynamics of these proteins are investigated using molecular modeling and molecular dynamics (MD) simulations.
With absence of high resolution structure of alpha 7 receptor, the homology models of apo and cobra toxin bound forms have been built. From the MD simulations of these model structures, we observed one subunit of apo simulation moved away from other four subunits. With local movement of flexible loop regions, the whole subunit tilted clockwise. These conformational changes occurred spontaneously, and were strongly correlated with the conformational change when the channel is activated by agonists. Unlike other computational studies, we directly compared our model of open conformation with the experimental data. However, the subunits of toxin bound form were stable, and conformational change is restricted by the bound cobra toxin. These results provide activation and inhibition mechanisms of alpha 7 receptors and a possible explanation for intermediate conductance of the channel.
Intramolecular complex of SH3-like domain with a proline-rich (Pr) peptide segment in Diphtheria toxin repressor (DtxR) is stabilized in inactive state. Upon activation of DtxR by transition metal binding, this intramolecular complex should be dissociated. The dynamics of this intramolecular complex is investigated using MD simulations and NMR spectroscopy. We observed spontaneous opening and closing motions of the Pr segment binding pockets in both Pr-SH3 and SH3 simulations. The MD simulation results and NMR relaxation data suggest that the Pr segment exhibits a binding ¡ê unbinding equilibrium.
Despite a wealth of experimental validation of Gouy-Chapman (GC) theory to charged lipid membranes, a test of GC theory by MD simulations has been elusive. Here we demonstrate that the ion distributions at different salt concentrations in anionic lipid bilayer systems agree well with GC predictions using MD simulations. Na+ ions are adsorbed to the bilayer through favorable interactions with carbonyls and hydroxyls, reducing the surface charge density by 72.5%.
The interactions of amantadine, an antiinfluenza A drug, with DMPC bilayers are investigated by an MD simulation and by solid-state NMR. The MD simulation results and NMR data demonstrate that amantadine is located within the interfacial region with upward orientation and interacts with the lipid headgroup and glycerol backbone, while the adamantane group of amantadine interacts with the glycerol backbone and much of fatty acyl chain, as it wraps underneath of the drug. The lipid headgroup orientation is influenced by the drug as well.
The recent prevalence of amantadine-resistant mutants makes a development of new drug urgent. The mechanism of inhibition of M2 proton channel in influenza virus A by amantadine is investigated. In the absence of high resolution structure, we model the apo and drug bound forms based on NMR structures. MD simulations demonstrate that channel pore is blocked by a primary gate formed by Trp41 helped by His37 and a secondary gate formed by Val27. The blockage by the secondary gate is extended by the drug bound just below the gate, resulting in a broken water wire throughout the simulation, suggesting a novel role of Val27 in the inhibition by amantadine. Recent X-ray structure validates the simulation results.
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