Type of Document Dissertation Author Willis, Kimberly Juanell Pettaway URN etd-06132005-200614 Title Female Basketball Student-Athletes' Motivation: Analyzing Academic Standing and Ethnicity at Atlantic Coast Conference Institutions Degree Doctor of Philosophy Department Sport Management, Recreation Management, and Physical Education, Department of Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Jerome Quarterman Committee Chair Keywords
- Women's Basketball
Date of Defense 2005-06-09 Availability unrestricted AbstractThe purpose of this study was to survey female basketball student-athletes, participating in Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC) member institutions, in order to determine their academic, collegiate athletic, and career athletic motivation based on academic standing and ethnicity. Another purpose was to validate the Student-Athletesí Motivation toward Sports and Academics Questionnaire (SAMSAQ), a newly developed instrument used to measure student-athletesí motivation. The Expectancy Theory of Motivation was used to discuss the perception of valence exhibited by the female basketball student-athletes.
The research population for this study was
N = 111. The population represented female basketball players at nine member institutions of the ACC. Two of the institutions did not participate in the research study. The research sample for this study was n = 100, which yielded a 90% response rate. Previous research that formed the basis for this study included ethnicity and motivation of student-athletes, academic standing and motivation of student-athletes, and limited literature regarding female basketball student-athletesí academic motivation. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) results revealed there was no significant difference between academic, collegiate athletic, and career athletic motivation when analyzing academic standing.
Data results for ethnicity and motivation revealed there was no significant difference between academic motivation and collegiate athletic motivation, however, there was a significant difference when career athletic motivation and ethnicity were analyzed.
Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) of the SAMSAQ and the extraction method using principal axis factoring revealed two factors would be more beneficial in an explanation of variance instead of three or more factors. The two factors were noted as academic and athletic motivation. EFA enabled the researcher to determine the SAMSAQ may need to examine two constructs instead of three (academic, collegiate, and career athletic motivation).
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