Type of Document Dissertation Author Strickland, Angie Marie Author's Email Address firstname.lastname@example.org URN etd-06232004-105058 Title Body Image and Self-Esteem: A Study of Relationships and Comparisons between More and Less Physically Active college Women Degree Doctor of Philosophy Department Sport Management, Recreation Management, and Physical Education, Department of Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Charles Imwold Committee Chair Kristie Walsdorf Committee Member Sande Milton Committee Member Susan Lynn Committee Member Keywords
- Body image
- exercise levels. college females
Date of Defense 2004-06-09 Availability unrestricted AbstractThe purpose of this study was to compare more and less physically active college females related to a number of factors in body image and self-esteem. The specific areas investigated were: body image, self-esteem, and exercise levels for college females.
This study investigated how body image and self-esteem were affected as a result of college females exercising more or less in physical activity. Specifically, college women ages eighteen to twenty-five were the focus of the subjects who participated in this study. Two groups were formed and compared: The college females who were more physically active and the college females who were less physically active.
All subjects were surveyed on body image items and self-esteem items. The Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire (MBSRQ)( Cash, 2000) was used to assess self-attitudinal aspects of body image and the Self-Esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965) was used to assess self-esteem.
The college females were surveyed in two main locations: females who were enrolled in a activity class under the Lifetime Activities Program and females who were attending classes in the Department of Early Childhood and Elementary Education. The females were then divided into two groups based on more and less physical activity. The more and less were calculated by days per week and minutes per day.
The statistics used for analyzing the survey responses as well as the results of the Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire and The Self-Esteem Scale included t-tests, descriptive statistics, correlations, and multiple regression analyses. All statistics were calculated using SPSS for Windows.
Results of this study showed significance when an independent t test was used to compare Exercise Level and Self- Esteem. The results also showed a positive correlation between Exercise Level and Fitness Self-Evaluation, Fitness Orientation, Health Self-Evaluation, Health Orientation, and a negative correlation between Exercise Level and Self-Esteem.
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