Type of Document Thesis Author Parker, Donna B. Author's Email Address email@example.com URN etd-06262004-031728 Title The Effect of Music Therapy for Pain and Anxiety versus Literature on the Immediate and Future Perceptions of Cardiac Patients Degree Master of Music Department Music, School of Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Clifford Madsen Committee Member Dianne Gregory Committee Member Jayne Standley Committee Member Keywords
- Music Therapy
Date of Defense 2004-06-15 Availability unrestricted AbstractThis study investigated the effects of music therapy on pain, anxiety and present and future psychosocial perceptions of cardiac patients. Forty-eight men and women admitted to cardiac progressive care unit of a local regional medical center served as subjects for the study. Subjects were assigned to one of three groups. Sixteen subjects received relaxation and imagery paired with live music, sixteen subjects received literature, and sixteen subjects received no intervention. Pre- and Post intervention data included pain medication intake and a self-report questionnaire concerning pain, anxiety, and present and future psychosocial perceptions. Patients in the music group were given a relaxation tape, which involved relaxation exercises and imagery, paired with music. Patients were called one week after discharge and given the questionnaire once more. Patients were also asked about their pain medication intake. Results from the study were collected and analyzed. The results revealed the music group scored significantly lower on the pre posttest questionnaire involving pain, anxiety and present and future perceptions. A difference was found in the groupsí pre/post medication intake but results were not significant. The analysis found that the music group had significantly lower scores on the questionnaire one-week post discharge. The music group also had a significantly lower level of pain medication one-week post discharge. It was concluded that music therapy interventions are beneficial to subjects in a post-operative setting.
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