Type of Document Thesis Author Wallace, Jayne Talley Author's Email Address email@example.com URN etd-06292006-143118 Title Indigenous Ceramics from Feature 118 at the O'connell Site(8le157): A Late Spanish Mission Site in Apalachee Province, Leon County, Florida Degree Master of Science Department Anthropology, Department of Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Rochelle Marrinan Committee Chair Glen Doran Committee Member Michael Uzendoski Committee Member Keywords
- O'Connell Site (8LE 157)
- Apalachee Mission Ceramics
- O'Connell Incised
Date of Defense 2006-04-20 Availability unrestricted AbstractABSTRACT
For over fifty years, archaeological research has been conducted across north Florida in an attempt to locate and identify securely the Spanish Franciscan missions established in the area from St. Augustine to Tallahassee between 1587 and 1704. A recent focus has been on the missions of Apalachee Province, located in northwest Florida, between the Aucilla and Ocklockonee rivers, especially on the activities at frontier missions, like San Pedro y San Paolo de Patale, as opposed to the better known Mission San Luis de Talimali.
Two sites are thought to be associated with the Patale missions - 8LE152, the Patale site, and 8LE157, the O'Connell Mission site. It is presumed from previous research that the O'Connell site represents a later location of the Patale mission, possibly its last site and the one destroyed by Creek raiders in 1704. The positive identification of the O'Connell Mission site as a Patale location, however, has not been made.
During the FSU Field School season of 1999 at the O'Connell site, Feature 118, a borrow pit with abundant aboriginal potsherds identified and excavated near the presumed convento. This feature provided an opportunity to study the native pottery during the later period of mission occupation (ca. 1690 - 1704). As a result of the subsequent analysis, which involved extensive vessel reconstruction, three new ceramic types and fifteen new varieties are proposed for the existing Jefferson Series of mission period pottery. A division of Jefferson Plain rims into eleven types, based on methods of construction and decoration, is also proposed.
I conclude, from ceramic design elements, that the O'Connell Mission site was home to a small population of mixed Apalachee, Timucua and possibly Oconee people, under stress during the unsettled times which resulted from the Creek slave raids on the mission populations after 1680.
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