Type of Document Dissertation Author Torres-Calderon, Alvaro Martin URN etd-07092006-191953 Title Mujer, nacion y progreso en el discurso del exilio de Clorinda Matto de Turner y Juana Manuela Gorriti Degree Doctor of Philosophy Department Modern Languages, Department of Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Jose Gomariz Committee Chair Brenda Cappuccio Committee Member Juan Carlos Galeano Committee Member Robinson Herrera Committee Member Keywords
- Nacion Y Progreso
- Discurso Del Exilio
Date of Defense 2006-06-09 Availability unrestricted AbstractThe reason for researching the narrative of Juana Manuela Gorriti and Clorinda Matto de Turner is to understand the role they performed in a patriarchal society at the end of the 19th century and how they are able to project through their voice in pro of modernity not only in their respective countries, but also be able to go beyond borders and visualized a ‘supranación’.
In chapter 2, Juana Manuela Gorriti is presented as a woman and professional who creates differences in relation with other intellectuals of her time by the force and exquisites poetic prose created by memories in combination with fiction, moreover her autobiography is filled with its inventions, an original style, that during her time was object of criticism.
On the other hand, Clorinda Matto de Turner has been studied as a representative of the indigenist and naturalist Peruvian literature. As we will see in chapter 3 her effort goes beyond being focused in one marginalized group. Therefore, in order to rebuilt society a change is required, by the participation of intellectuals in the more direct and aggressive approach. This change will also imply a situation of survival that is reflected in their writings such as: essays, discourses, dairies and chronicles.
At the end of their lives, both authors remained in Argentina, which was the center of progress in Latin American during the last quarter of 19th century. The Argentinean system was fervently following the ideas of the United States industrialization and capitalism. However, the Latin-American woman continued being a marginalized subject in that period which, according to the patriarchal discourse a woman should be: a wife, a mother and a housewife. Both authors write on ‘men affairs ' and doing it implies a dispute with the hegemonic institutions as well as with their own colleagues of the profession. They pursue a communion of ideas among the working intellectuals, for that we establish a connection with José Martí’s thought who envisions a united America.
In order to analyze and to demystify certain categorizations established by the literary canon, chapter 4 will be dedicated to power, sexuality and defiance in relation to women.
In summary, there will be a review of the modern imaginary of the Latin-American society dominated by the male idea and the woman discourse or “contradiscurso” will be included in the same level.
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