Type of Document Thesis Author Cho, Woon Hyung Author's Email Address firstname.lastname@example.org URN etd-07092007-213717 Title TIDR:Traffic-aware Domain Routing Degree Master of Science Department Computer Science, Department of Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Breno de Medeiros Committee Member Xin Yuan Committee Member Keywords
- Bgp Inter-domain Routing Protocol
Date of Defense 2007-07-03 Availability unrestricted AbstractThis thesis develops and studies a traffic-aware inter-domain routing (TIDR) protocol, which
drastically improves the convergence and stability of the BGP-based inter-domain routing system.
TIDR is designed based on two important Internet properties—the Internet access locality and the
prevalence of transient failures. In TIDR, a network prefix is classified at an AS as either significant
or insignificant from the viewpoint of a neighboring AS, depending on the amount of traffic
exchanged between the prefix and the neighbor (including transit traffic). While BGP updates of
significant prefixes are propagated with a higher priority, the propagation of updates of insignificant
prefixes is aggressively slowed down. In particular, TIDR tries to localize the effect of transient
failures on insignificant prefixes instead of propagating it onto the whole Internet. Importantly,
TIDR will not create traffic black-holes due to the localization of transient failures. In this thesis we
present the design of TIDR and perform simulation experiments to study the performance of TIDR.
Using network topologies derived from real BGP routing tables, we show that TIDR can greatly
improve both the convergence and stability of BGP. For example, compared with BGP, TIDR
reduces the average number of updates by 77% to 94%, and reduces the average convergence time
by 92% to 98% following a network failure event. TIDR also outperforms other existing schemes
including Ghost Flushing, BGP-RCN, and EPIC. As a by product of our performance studies, we
also, for the first time, formally confirm that Ghost Flushing may exacerbate both the convergence
and stability situation of BGP for network fail-over events.
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