Type of Document Dissertation Author Simakhina, Svetlana Author's Email Address email@example.com URN etd-07102010-190409 Title Level Set And Conservative Level Set Methods On Dynamic Quadrilateral Grids Degree Doctor of Philosophy Department Mathematics, Department of Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Mark Sussman Committee Chair Brian Ewald Committee Member David Kopriva Committee Member Janet Peterson Committee Member Michael Roper University Representative Keywords
- Level Set Method
- Conservative Level Set Method
- Grid Generation
- Quasi-cubic Interpolation
- Two Phase Flow
- Interface capturing
Date of Defense 2010-06-10 Availability unrestricted AbstractThe work in this thesis is motivated by the application of spray combustion. If one develops algorithms to simulate spray generation, for example the primary break-up of a liquid jet in a gas cross-flow, then a body-fitted or Lagrangian methods would require “surgery” in order to continue a simulation beyond the point at which a droplet is torn into multiple droplets. The liquid volume must also be conserved in simulating spray generation.
In this thesis, an Eulerian front tracking method with conserved fluid volume is developed to represent and update an interface between two fluids. It’s a level set (LS) method with global volume fix, and the underlying grid is a structured, dynamic, curvilinear grid.
We compared our newly developed method to the coupled level set and volume of fluid method (CLSVOF) for two strategic test problems. The first problem, the rotation of a notched disk, tests for robustness. The second problem (proposed in this thesis), the deformation of a circular interface in an incompressible, deforming, velocity field, tests for order of accuracy.
We found that for the notched disk problem, the CLSVOF method is superior to the new combined level set method/curvilinear grid method. For a given number of grid points, the CLSVOF method always outperforms the combined level set/curvilinear grid method. On the other hand, for the deformation of a circular interface problem, the combined level set/curvilinear grid method gives better accuracy than the CLSVOF method, for a given number of grid points. Unfortunately the new method is more expensive because a new mesh must be generated periodically.
We note that the volume error of the new level set/curvilinear grid algorithm is comparable to that of the CLSVOF method for all test cases tried.
We prove that the conservative level set (CLS) method has O(1) local truncation error in an advection scheme. The following developments of the conservative level set (CLS) method are presented in the thesis: new CLS function remapping algorithm and new CLS reinitialization algorithm. The new developments allow one to implement the CLS method on a dynamic quadrilateral grid but don’t remedy the order of the method.
A new algorithm for quasi-cubic interpolation is presented. Quasi-cubic interpolation has been used for local polynomial interpolation on an orthogonal mesh before, but never on a general, non-orthogonal curvilinear mesh. The new (tunnel quasi-cubic) algorithm enables one to find a global piece-wise polynomial interpolation of degree three on an orthogonal mesh, and to find a local polynomial interpolation of degree three on a curvilinear mesh.
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