Type of Document Dissertation Author Tokumoto, Takahisa D. Author's Email Address firstname.lastname@example.org URN etd-07142008-134717 Title Spin and Charge Ordering in Organic Conductors Investigated by Electron Spin Resonance Degree Doctor of Philosophy Department Physics, Department of Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title James S. Brooks Committee Chair Johan van Tol Committee Co-Chair Irinel Chiorescu Committee Member Mark Riley Committee Member Naresh Dalal Committee Member Pedro Schlottmann Committee Member Keywords
- Organic Conductors
- Electron Spin Resonance
- Magnetic Order
Date of Defense 2008-06-30 Availability unrestricted AbstractThis dissertation presents systematic studies on ordered states of organic conductors investigated mainly by Electron Spin Resonance (ESR).
First, we describe an introduction to organic conductors. Organic conductors are based on conducting layers of highly planar donor molecules, separated by insulating layers of acceptors. The donor arrangements in the conducting layers determine the three simple parameters, transfer integral t between the donor molecules, onsite Coulomb interaction U and nearest neighboring Coulomb interaction V. Depending on the values of the above three parameters, a variety of ground states is realized
and hence the organic conductors has become a main stream of condensed matter physics.
Among many ground states, the main focus is on magnetic orders in this dissertation.
Therefore we have employed ESR to probe local magnetic structures. And we cover a basic theory of ESR in paramagnetic/antiferromagnetically ordered states and the experimental realizations.
Next, after an introduction to a system with an exchange interaction between d magnetic moments embedded at acceptor sites and ð spins at donor molecules is given, we discuss the effectiveness of systematic studies on isostructural magnetic and non-magnetic acceptor based organic conductors. Then, we go over one of the “exchange coupled” materials, â-(BDA-TTP)2MCl4 (M=Fe3+,Ga3+). We examine the origins of the Metal-Insulator transition and the long range antiferromangetic order in the magnetic acceptor based material, where we found the critical importance of the quantum fluctuations of ð spins.
Finally, we delineate the magnetic order of alternating easy axes of a class of an organic conductor, ô -(P-(S,S)-DMEDT)2(AuBr2)1+y, at low temperature/field by ESR. We briefly discuss the origin of this unprecedented magnetic structure in terms of the unstoichiometric ratio of donors to acceptors and the tetragonal symmetry of the unit cell. Then, we report the results of the ultra high field ESR to probe the magnetic structure changes around a hysteretic field induced metal insulator transition.
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