Type of Document Dissertation Author Jackson, D. Lynn Author's Email Address Jacksonmsw@aol.com URN etd-08042005-155950 Title A Multi-Year Study of Policies that Affect the Abortion Rate at the State Level Degree Doctor of Philosophy Department Social Work, College of Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Linda Vinton Committee Chair Dina Wilke Committee Member Lance deHaven-Smith Committee Member Thomas E. Smith Committee Member Keywords
- reproductive rights
- social justice
- parental involvement
Date of Defense 2005-04-12 Availability unrestricted AbstractAlthough abortion remains legal and available to women, access to services is limited by restrictive policies such as parental consent and notification laws, mandatory delay requirements, insurance regulations/bans, and postviability testing requirements. Further, while some states have private, not-for-profit abortion fund organizations (i.e., members of the National Network of Abortion Funds), others do not. Research is lacking and shortcomings exist, that combines and controls for state restrictions on outcomes such as the rate of abortion. This study sought to examine the relationships between state policy restrictions and states’ abortion rates.
Data for this research was gathered from state statutes, the U.S. Census, NARAL Pro-Choice America, the Alan Guttmacher Institute, and the Center for Reproductive Rights. The study employed quantitative analyses with all 50 states over a six-year period 1988 – 2000. A hierarchical linear analysis (HLM) tested seven hypotheses.
In both the final conditional model and both alternate models (with outliers removed and 1 control variable) the independent variable parental consent was statistically significant. In other words, this state restriction (parental consent) did lower the abortion rate in our model. Some of the other variable coefficients did indicate a decrease in the abortion rate, but were not statistically significant. All models were able to explain at least 30% of the variance but the alternate model (1 control variable) was more successful in explaining the variance of the growth model (a 29% increase over the original model).
On a daily basis, states continue to add restrictive legislation to their books despite opposition from citizens and research that some of the restrictions are ineffective. The effect is that as the legislation is enacted, increasingly young women, low-income women and women of color are adversely affected and have their basic right to choose abortion taken away.
Filename Size Approximate Download Time (Hours:Minutes:Seconds)
28.8 Modem 56K Modem ISDN (64 Kb) ISDN (128 Kb) Higher-speed Access JacksonDissertation.pdf 469.96 Kb 00:02:10 00:01:07 00:00:58 00:00:29 00:00:02