Type of Document Dissertation Author Hatten, John David Author's Email Address email@example.com URN etd-08102004-142239 Title Racial Differences in Student Interest and Attitudes Toward Physical Education Considering Grade Level and Gender. Degree Doctor of Philosophy Department Sport Management, Recreation Management, and Physical Education, Department of Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Charles Imwold Committee Chair Anita Mistry Committee Member Tom Ratliffe Committee Member Tonya Toole Committee Member Keywords
- Grade Level
- Physical Education
Date of Defense 2004-06-30 Availability unrestricted Abstract
RACIAL DIFFERENCES IN STUDENTíS INTEREST AND ATTITUDES
TOWARD PHYSICAL EDUCATION CONSIDERING GRADE LEVEL AND
Name: John D. Hatten
Department: Sport Management, Recreation Management and Physical Education
Major Professor: Charles Imwold
Degree: Doctorate of Philosophy
Term Degree Awarded: Fall, 2004
Previous research suggests that as students age their interest in physical education seems to fade. There has been limited research comparing elementary, middle, and high school studentís interest in physical education and even less research relating ethnicity as a variable. Curriculum, perceived competence and teacherís influence have been offered, in previous research, as reasons why students like or dislike physical education. The purpose of this study is to compare the differences or similarities between elementary, middle, and high school studentís interest in physical education considering studentsí ethnicity and gender. Participants were 139 (9th graders) high school students, 230 (7th graders) middle school students, and 99 (5th graders) elementary school students enrolled in eighteen intact physical education classes for a total of 468 students. The locations consisted of one high school, one middle school, and one elementary school at ethnically diverse, low to middle socioeconomic status, Northwestern Florida schools. Fourteen experienced physical education teachers, 4 females and 10 males, conducted all classes.
The Physical Education Interest Questionnaire was the instrument used for this study. The questionnaire was developed to measure interest in physical education and related factors (Van Wersch, Trew, & Turner, 1992). The Physical Education Interest Questionnaire is a 35-item survey. Two open-ended questions were added to the end of the survey asking students to list what they liked most and disliked least about physical education. The survey was found to be r = .70 reliable by way of split-half reliability testing. All of the students were given the same survey and had approximately 50 minutes to complete.
Results indicated that students regardless of race, grade level and gender maintained positive interest in physical education. There was a significant difference between male and female participants where male students maintained more positive interest in physical education than female students. Previous research supports these findings by stating that most physical education programs maintained a more male dominate team sport curricula, which are typically considered less desirable to female students. Also there was a significant difference between grade levels. Fifth grade students maintained higher interest in physical education than seventh and ninth graders. This may have something to do with the fact that the younger students are physiologically at their peak. These studentís metabolisms are the highest that they will be in their lifetime. Physical education tends to be their only release from sitting behind a desk all day.
Finally, when comparing grade level with race results indicated that there was a significant different between Caucasian and African American students interest in physical education. Fifth grade Caucasian students maintained significantly higher interest in physical education than their African American counterparts. On the contrary, African American seventh and ninth grade students maintained significantly higher interest in physical education than their Caucasian equals. Fifth and seventh grade students ranked studentís perceived competence first whereas ninth grade students ranked curriculum first by way of stepwise regression as having the most affect on their overall interest in physical education. The scope of the study was limited to three independent variables: studentís perceived competence, curriculum, and teacher influence as reasons why students maintained interest in physical education or not. Reasons why students maintain interest in physical education are complex and need further study.
Filename Size Approximate Download Time (Hours:Minutes:Seconds)
28.8 Modem 56K Modem ISDN (64 Kb) ISDN (128 Kb) Higher-speed Access 1jdhPreliminaryDocuments.pdf 82.98 Kb 00:00:23 00:00:11 00:00:10 00:00:05 < 00:00:01 2jdhTextDocuments.pdf 301.07 Kb 00:01:23 00:00:43 00:00:37 00:00:18 00:00:01 3jdhAppendixReferences.pdf 401.86 Kb 00:01:51 00:00:57 00:00:50 00:00:25 00:00:02