Type of Document Dissertation Author Register, Dena M. URN etd-09042003-170419 Title The Effects Of Live Music Groups Versus An Educational Children's Television Program On The Emergent Literacy Of Young Children Degree Doctor of Philosophy Department Music, School of Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Jayne M. Standley Committee Chair Clifford K. Madsen Committee Member Diane G. Gregory Committee Member Vivian Fueyo Committee Member Keywords
- Arts and Literacy
- Music Therapy
Date of Defense 2003-06-01 Availability unrestricted AbstractResearch suggests that music is beneficial in teaching both social and academic skills to
young children. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a music therapy program
designed to teach reading skills versus The “Between the Lions” television program on the early literacy behaviors of Kindergarten children from a low socio-economic background. Subjects
(n=86) were children, aged 5-7 years, enrolled in one of four different Kindergarten classes at a
public elementary school in Northwest Florida. Each class was assigned one of four treatment
conditions: Music/Video (sequential presentation of each condition), Music-Only, Video-Only
and no contact Control group.
Growth in early literacy skills was measured using the Dynamic Indicator’s of Basic
Early Literacy Skills (DIBELS) and three sub-tests of the Test of Early reading Ability-3rd
edition (TERA-3). Teachers’ perceptions of classroom literacy behaviors were measured using a
pre- and post-study survey. This study also compared on- and off-task behavior of students
during video versus music conditions.
Results of the seven sub-tests measuring early literacy were varied. The Music/Video and
Music-Only groups achieved the highest increases in mean scores from pre- to post-test on four
of the seven sub-tests. Students in the Video-Only group scored significantly better on the
phonemic segmentation portion of the DIBELS than peers in the Music/Video condition.
Furthermore, strong correlations were found between the Letter Naming, Initial Sounds Fluency
tests and total raw score of the TERA-3 tests for both pre- and post-testing.
Additionally, graphic analysis of mean off-task behavior per session indicated that
students were more off-task during both video conditions (video alone and video portion of
Music/Video condition) than during the music conditions. Off-task behavior was consistently
lower during music sessions for the duration of the study.
This study confirmed that music increases the on-task behavior of students. Additionally,
the combination of music and video enrichment showed gains in four of the eight tests used to
measure students’ progress. This pattern supports the need for further investigation regarding
benefits of enrichment programs specifically designed to enhance curricula for students from low socio-economic backgrounds, particularly programs that incorporate music
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