Type of Document Dissertation Author Modise, Oitshepile MmaB Author's Email Address firstname.lastname@example.org URN etd-09142005-131702 Title Labor Market Demand and Incipient Professionalization in African Adult Education: Tracing Graduates of University of Botswana Adult Education Programs Degree Doctor of Philosophy Department Educational Leadership and Policy Studies, Department of Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Peter Easton Committee Chair Barbara Palmer Committee Member John Sample Committee Member Rebecca Miles Committee Member Keywords
- Effective Demand
- African Adult Education
- Notional Demand
- Adult Education Programs
- Labor Market Demand
Date of Defense 2005-07-29 Availability unrestricted AbstractThe essential purpose of this dissertation was to analyze current sources of effective demand for university credentials in adult education in Botswana and to assess progress made and issues still to be resolved in the professionalization of the field of adult education in southern Africa.
Overall, four data collection methods were used to assemble the material necessary to achieve this purpose: a survey of graduates of the Department of Adult Education in the University of Botswana, document analysis of related material from the Department and the Government of Botswana, interviews of key informants, and focus group discussions.
The “demand for adult education” can have two related but distinct meanings: perceived need and effective demand. Evidence is presented in the dissertation concerning both – on the one hand, what stakeholders see as needs for adult education and for the services of professional adult educators in the country; and, on the other, selected data on what graduates in fact do with their new qualifications and skills once they have them and on the evolution of the job market for those with such credentials.
Overall, demand and opportunities for adult education graduates have increased markedly in Botswana over the last twenty years, in tandem with -- if not at exactly the same rate as -- the remarkable growth in government employment in the country that has accompanied its rise from poverty-stricken to middle-income status on the strength of mining revenues. These opportunities in any case far outstrip the current production of
adult education graduates and offer possibilities for better organizing and “professionalizing” the occupation, most of which remain to be better exploited. Yet opportunities continue to be almost entirely restricted to the public sector.
The field of adult education in Botswana has been slow to professionalize, though the country possesses in the form of its university program for the training of adult educators one of the essential resources for such a movement. Recommendations are made regarding means for enhancing effective demand for adult educators in the country and better supporting efforts to professionalize their status.
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