Type of Document Thesis Author Bendeck, Whitney Talley Author's Email Address email@example.com URN etd-11122004-104647 Title The Art of Deception: Dueling Intelligence Organizations in World War II Degree Master of Arts Department History, Department of Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Michael Creswell Committee Chair Edward D. Wynot Committee Member Jonathan Grant Committee Member Keywords
- Tomas Harris
- Juan Pujol
- Double Agent
- Twenty Committee
- Wilhelm Canaris
Date of Defense 2004-07-27 Availability unrestricted AbstractABSTRACT
Historical works analyzing the cause of Germany’s defeat, or the Allies’ success, in World War II are certainly abundant. Although it is impossible to say that the use of intelligence led to an Allied victory, it is nonetheless a fact that it greatly contributed to that victory. From the Allies’ superior use of cryptology, to their masterful employment of double agents, the Allies managed to outwit the Germans. This work analyzes the development, implementation, and performance of the double-cross system in World War II. It is argued here that the Allies, and specifically MI5 along with the combined forces of the British military, government, and intelligence services, succeeded in outwitting the Germans. Their success was not the result of German incompetence, but was due to the superior quality of the British system.
The first chapter explores the development of British deception and proves that those early campaigns laid a solid foundation for the grand deception scheme of June 1944 (Operation Bodyguard). The second chapter discusses the development of the double-cross system under the control of MI5. Chapter Three analyzes the evolution and operations of MI5’s German counterpart, the Abwehr. The final chapter is a case study focusing on the career of Juan Pujol – the Abwehr’s most trusted and influential spy (ARABEL), and MI5’s most effective double agent (GARBO). The study of Pujol demonstrates MI5’s superior qualities as an intelligence organization; correspondingly, it also proves that the Abwehr was simply outwitted by the British, not incompetent.
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