Type of Document Dissertation Author Yuan, Lei URN etd-11132006-163914 Title Methane Emission and Oxidation through Landfill Covers. Degree Doctor of Philosophy Department Civil and Environmental Engineering, Department of Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Tarek Abichou Committee Chair Jeffrey Chanton Committee Member Kamal Tawfiq Committee Member Wei-Chou V. Ping Committee Member Keywords
- Landfill Cover
Date of Defense 2006-11-03 Availability unrestricted AbstractThis dissertation presents the work of investigating methane emission and oxidation through landfill covers. Methane as a major source of greenhouse and is being emitted from solid waste landfill at a tremendous rates. These emissions could be mitigated by methanotrophic bacteria in enriched and non-enriched soil covers.
Compost biofilters were constructed to study the methane oxidation capacity of compost. The aged chipped yard waste compost was obtained from Leon County landfill (Florida, USA). A one-dimensional dynamical numerical model was developed to simulate the methane transport and oxidation through the biofilter. This model was designed to incorporate dynamic parameters and use flux bottom boundary, which is measured by a flow meter. General agreements of methane outflux and oxidations were obtained between model simulation and experimental data.
Field scale control cells and biocells were evaluated in the same landfill for methane emission and oxidation. Methane oxidation in biocells was significantly higher than in control cells. When outliers were removed, methane emission from biocells was significant less than from control cells. A numerical model was developed to separate blockage of the thicker biocells cover and the biological oxidation. Results showed that the low emission from biocells is caused by blockage of soil cover underneath the compost cover as well the high oxidation capacity of this compost cover.
An additional modeling investigation was conducted to evaluate how landfill final earthen coverís construction and climate conditions affect methane emission and oxidation under different boundary condition and different soil oxidation capacities. This numerical model combined a water and heat flow model (HYDRUS1D) and a gas transport and oxidation model. Simulations showed that soil covers in subhumid areas can prevent high methane emission with blockage and decent oxidation capacity. In semi-arid sites, higher emission was obtained due to the higher air filled void space of the soil. Oxidation capacities in semi-arid sites are higher than those in subhumid sites since influxes of methane are higher in semiarid sites. High pressure underneath the cover caused higher emission in all sites. Even with active gas collection system (vacuum pressure), emissions were significant in semiarid climates.
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