Type of Document Dissertation Author Shao, Hui Author's Email Address firstname.lastname@example.org URN etd-11142005-161814 Title Assimilation of GPS Radio Occultation Observations Degree Doctor of Philosophy Department Meteorology, Department of Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title Guosheng Liu Committee Member Ionel M. Navon Committee Member Peter S. Ray Committee Member T. N. Krishnamurti Committee Member Xiaolei Zou Committee Member Keywords
- Numerical Modelling
- Data Assimilation
- Radio Occultation
Date of Defense 2005-11-10 Availability unrestricted AbstractUnlike conventional and satellite observations, the Global Positioning System (GPS) radio occultation (RO) techniques provide all-weather, high-vertical-resolution observations that require no calibration. In this dissertation, the assimilation of GPS RO data is studied using the National Centers for Environmental prediction (NCEP) three dimensional variational analysis system.
Three GPS data assimilation choices are considered and compared. A set of GPS bending angle assimilation (BA) experiments is first carried out and sensitivity of BA results to the observational weighting, the quality of the background fields, the variation of the gravity, and the vertical resolution of the GPS data are investigated. The GPS local refractivity assimilation (REF) is then conducted and compared with BA. Although REF is computationally cheaper than BA, the bias and root mean square errors of the background fields are more significantly reduced by BA than REF. Differences between GPS refractivity and bending angle assimilations are larger in thick-layered cloud systems (e.g., convective clouds in the mid-latitudes and cumulus clouds in the tropics) than in thin clouds and clear sky, which are found to be associated with the strength of horizontal gradient of the atmospheric refractivity.
Aiming at achieving both accuracy and computational efficiency, a new observation operator that simulates the GPS excess phase delay is proposed and tested for GPS RO data assimilation. Using the excess phase delay, the along-track refractivity and refractivity gradient information can be included while the computational cost is kept low. Numerical results from the forward simulation and data assimilation using the excess phase delay (PHA) are compared with those of REF. PHA tends to produce a warmer and wetter model atmosphere, with finer structures and larger radii of influence than REF. Compared to GPS observations, simulations and analyses produced by PHA are more accurate than those of REF. It is also pointed out that under the assumption of the spherical symmetry of the local refractivity, the observation operator for the excess phase delay simplifies into a point scheme in which only a vertical profile of model refractivity is required.
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