Type of Document Dissertation Author Southard, Jr., Stuart Dallas Author's Email Address email@example.com URN etd-11202003-175600 Title Speechreading's Benefit as a Function of Signal-To-Noise Ratio Degree Doctor of Philosophy Department Communication Disorders, Department of Advisory Committee
Advisor Name Title richard morris Committee Chair akihito kamata Committee Member howard goldstein Committee Member lee terrio Committee Member virginia walker Committee Member Keywords
- comparison of audio with audio-visual speech recog
Date of Defense 2003-10-31 Availability unrestricted AbstractABSTRACT
Despite attempts to improve speech recognition in noise via hearing aid algorithms, communication where there is background noise continues to present serious challenges to hearing aid users. The viability of using speech reading to augment amplification to improve communication in noise has not been fully investigated. One reason for this oversight is the assumption that the decline in speech recognition performance with decreases in S/N ratio is similar for communicative situations in which speech reading is available and for those in which it is not.
In this study, comparison of speech recognition performance for auditory only (A) and audio-visual (AV) presentation of sentences was made at four signal-to-noise-ratios ranging from 0 to –6 dB. Twenty-six participants with normal hearing and vision, 20 to 30 years, responded to eight experimental conditions (A and AV presentation of speech at each of four signal-to-noise ratios). Speech recognition performance was evaluated using a 2 X 4 repeated measures ANOVA. The main effects of presentation mode and S/N ratio were statistically significant. More importantly, there was a significant interaction between these factors for speech recognition performance. The interaction revealed a growing benefit of speech reading, defined as the difference between audio-visual and auditory only performance (AV-A), with decreasing signal-to-noise ratios. This finding of increasing benefit with deteriorating listening conditions refutes the assumption that performance decline with increasing background noise is independent of presentation mode. This finding suggests that the need for individuals with hearing impairment to avail themselves of visual speech cues increases with a deteriorating listening environment.
In view of these findings, hearing aid evaluations involving both A and AV presentation of speech at different signal-to-noise ratios are recommended. Such procedures allow for both objective and subjective assessment of speech recognition performance under combinations of presentation mode and S/N ratios.
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